Interesting names that turkeys are called in other languages
November 28, 2014
In Armenian, it is called hndkahav or hntkahav (Հնդկահավ), literally meaning “Indian chicken”.
In Hebrew, the turkey is called tarnegol hodu (תרנגול הודו), literally meaning "rooster of India".
In Italian it is known as pollo d'India, with clear reference to India, although the most common name is tacchino, that apparently refers to the sound that turkey makes.
In Polish and Ukrainian, it is Indyk, a reference to India. Similarly it is indik (אינדיק) in Yiddish, also referring to India.
The Dutch word is "kalkoen", derived from the city Calicut in India, likewise Danish, Estonian and Norwegian kalkun, Swedish kalkon, and Finnish kalkkuna, as well as in Papiamento kalakuna.
In Khmer, the turkey is called moan barang (មាន់បារាំង), which translates as "French chicken". (The term "French" is frequently used in Cambodia to refer to things and people of Western origin, as historically Cambodia's primary contact with the West was via French colonization.)
In Hawaiian, it is called pelehu, from the Portuguese. The Hawaiian nobleman Boki acquired turkeys during the South American leg of his world tour and introduced both the bird and the Hawaiian transliteration of the Portuguese term peru to Hawai'i and later, in 1827, to Rotuma.
In Portuguese and Galician, the word for turkey is peru, which also refers to the country Peru.
In Japanese, the turkey is called shichimenchō (シチメンチョウ / 七面鳥), which literally means "seven-faced bird".
In German, it is called Truthahn, derived from trut for the call used to lure the bird, and Hahn, rooster.